- Variety of thicknesses and levels of protection, each one catering to the different requirements and preferences of the wearer;
- Relatively inexpensive, safe to use;
- Absorbs lochia after birth, preventing the accumulation of bacteria that could result in infection, or in extremely rare cases toxic shock syndrome;
- Easily disposed, low risk of transferring contaminants since they are single use;
- Maternity pads are available in multiple sizes. There is a size to fit every woman;
- Relatively inexpensive;
- Pads are highly absorbent and sturdy, attributed to their 5 layered structure;
Correct size and absorbency of pad must be used in accordance with the amount and frequency of lochia discharge, as well as the shape of the woman in order to achieve a comfortable fit. If the flow is too heavy and a pad with insufficient sturdiness and absorbency is used, it will get over saturated and discharge will bleed into surrounding clothes, and increase the risk of bacterial infection. Comfort is of paramount importance for the wearer, so multiple pads may need to be tested first before a single type is decided upon for the highest level of comfort.
To put the pad on, flaps or wings must be folded, and the backing must be removed to expose the adhesive middle section. Also remove the covering over the adhesive section of the wings. If the pad has a straight structure, there will be no wings to fold. Position the pad so it is directly underneath the vagina, with the adhesive face down, sticking to the underwear. If the pad is winged, they must be folded around the outside of the underwear, ensuring they stick. Wings offer additional protection against side leakage, and assists in securing the pad in place. Wear underwear as usual. Pad must be changed frequently, depending on rate and amount of discharge. Approximately every 2 hours is the usual time a maternity pad needs to be changed. Failure to do so can result in infection due to the accumulation of bacteria.
It is imperative that the maternity pad is not used if the packaging or seal is compromised. Evidence of this may suggest tampering or contamination. If one should come across pads inside comprised packaging, the correct course of action is to dispose of it quickly and safely.
- It is of utmost importance that maternity pads are not reused. Once used, the device is not fit to be salvaged for further used, as sterility cannot be retained. Re-using pads can result in infections being developed due to the buildup of microorganisms present in the lochia, such as bacteria;
- Must prepare the pad for use in a clean, sterile environment, absent of bodily fluids or other sources of contamination;
- Promptly and safely dispose of any pads that have touched a potentially contaminated surface;
- Regular pads should not be used to absorb lochia, as lochia is much thicker than regular menstrual discharge and cannot be absorbed effectively by regular pads;
- Correct absorbency level and size must be selected according to the flow rate and amount, and the personal preference of the woman. If the woman is experiencing heavy, constant flow, the XtraDry or UltraDry model should be opted for as they offer superior absorbency and sturdiness. However, if the flow is light, the thinness of the EconoDry model may be chosen for comfort;
- Maternity pads must be frequently changed, to avoid infections emerging from the accumulation of bacteria or the development of the rare but potentially fatal toxic shock syndrome.
Maternity pads are manufactured using a 5 layered system. The materials used in the layered maternity pad range offered by AdvaCare are polypropylene, pulp, fluff/SAP, and polyethylene. There are two layers of pulp.