Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can infect any tissue in the body but most commonly infects the lungs. Tuberculosis is spread via air-borne transmission and can be found in latent or active form. In latent form, the bacteria are inactive, and the infected individual is asymptomatic and not contagious. The bacteria may be activated by a weakened immune system. In active form, tuberculosis can result in coughing blood, chest pain, weight loss, fatigue, fever, night sweats, and chills.
If left untreated, tuberculosis is potentially fatal. Individuals who are at higher risk of contracting the disease, like HIV/AIDS patients or healthcare workers, should be screened regularly for latent tuberculosis infection.
Tuberculosis is common in developing countries, with the highest incidences reported in India. Younger children are more susceptible to tuberculosis in developing countries, while older people are more susceptible in developed countries. Approximately one-third of the global population is thought to be infected with tuberculosis, but 90% cases are symptomatic. Tuberculosis is endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-east Asia, and the Western Pacific.
AccuQuik’s tuberculosis diagnostic test kits are extremely reliable and accurate in 98% of cases. Certain medical factors may influence the result of the test. Individuals taking other medications should consult a doctor before taking the test.
Latent tuberculosis can be treated with medication that prevents the development of the active form, like Isoniazid, Rifampin, and Rifapentine. Active tuberculosis is treated with a 6-9 month drug cocktail. The first line of anti-tuberculosis agents from the core treatment regime involves Isoniazid, Rifampin, Ethambutol, and Pyrazinamide. The treatment is divided into the phase of the initial 2 months and the continuing 4-7 months. It is necessary to finish the entire course of medication in order to kill all the bacteria.
Allow the test kit to reach room temperature (15-30°C) prior to testing.
Bring the pouch to room temperature before opening it. Remove the test cassette from the sealed pouch and use within 1 hour. Place the cassette on a clean and level surface.
For serum or plasma specimen: Hold the dropper vertically and transfer 3 drops of serum or plasma (approximately 75 μL) to the specimen area, and start the timer.
For venipuncture whole blood specimen: Hold the dropper vertically and transfer 3 drops of whole blood (approximately 75 μL) to the specimen area, then add 1 drop of buffer and start the timer.
Wait for the colored line(s) to appear. Results will appear in 10-12 minutes. Interpretation of the results after 20 minutes is not recommended.