Always consult a veterinary physician or animal care specialist before using atropine sulfate injections.
Indications and Usage
For use as an antidote in the treatment of organophosphate insecticide poisoning of cattle, horses and sheep.
Atropine injection is given in emergency situations and works like a bronchodilator with horses facing breathlessness or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Atropine is used in the treatment of unusual heart rhythms, especially those that occur during anesthesia or in response to other drugs.
Atropine is also used to dilate the pupil of the horse’s eye during diagnosis and this is also a part of treatment in pain management from the recurrent uveitis and other diseases of the eye where dilating the pupil helps in non-formation of scars that might permanently interfere with normal pupil function.
A thorough examination of atropine sensitivity should be performed before dose administration.
Administration and Dosage
Administration of atropine in goats and pigs is not advisable.
Usual dosage is as follows: 20 mg of atropine per 45 kg body weight in cattle, 6.5mg of atropine per 45 kg weight in horses and 20mg of atropine per 45kg body weight in sheep (intravenously). Atropine sulfate injections shouldn’t be administered if any hypersensitivity is discovered.
The average recommended initial dose should be given as 1/4 the total dosage and followed by 1/3 of remaining dosage. It should be slowly administered intravenously, and the remaining dosage should be administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously. Maintenance doses should be administered based upon the individual health status of the animal under the control status of the animal.
Completion of full treatment is always advisable with or without the presence of symptoms.
Sometimes, horses develop colic which is caused by the slow action of gastrointestinal tract. Extreme caution should be taken with use in horses with kidney or liver disease due to increased severity of side effects.
Extreme caution should be taken when administering the dosage in foals.
This alkaloid injection is an FDA-approved medication for extensive use in horses under the supervision of a veterinary physician.
Atropine is prohibited in most sanctioned races. Checking with the concerned regulatory group and lawmakers is recommended.
A naturally occurring alkaloid which is poisonous for human consumption. Keep out of reach of children.
The severity of side effects is increased with the administration of overdose; therefore, it may also cause restlessness, muscular numbness, convulsions, and respiratory malfunction and ultimately death.
Interaction of atropine with antihistamines, phenothiazine tranquilizers, and some painkillers has been reported. Increase in the probability of side effects has been stated during the continuing use of corticosteroids in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in horses.