Always consult a medical doctor or patient care specialist before using metformin HCL tablets.
Indications and Usage
Metformin HCL is indicated in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus especially in overweight to obese individuals, when exercise and dietary control alone does not lead to an effective dietary control.
In adults, metformin is used as a mono therapy or in combination with other oral anti-diabetic agents or with insulin.
In children from 10 years of age and adolescents, metformin HCL tablets may be used as monotherapy or in combination with insulin.
Metformin HCL tablets are contraindicated in patients who have type 1 diabetes, in metabolic acidosis, renal failure, hepatic insufficiency, acute alcohol intoxication and recent myocardial infarction.
Do NOT use metformin HCL tablet if you:
- Have kidney disease;
- Have high ketone levels in your blood or urine;
- Have heart diseases, liver diseases and congestive heart failure;
- Use insulin or other oral diabetes medications;
- Are younger than 10 years of age.
Blood sugar control is very important during pregnancy, and the dose has to be adjusted accordingly in each trimester.
It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk or is it harmful to the nursing infant. Consult your doctor before taking this medication or before breast-feeding.
Administration and Dosage
Refer to your doctor or pharmacist for guidelines on dosage. Do not exceed what they advise. Usual dose for adults is: 500mg orally twice a day and for extended release 500 to 1000mg orally once a day
Usual dosage for pediatric use (10 years and older): 500mg orally twice a day.
Possible interactions include beta-blocker medications and other drugs that affect blood sugar. Consult with your doctor about any medications you are taking, before your treatment with metformin HCL tablets.
If someone overdoses might have symptoms of lactic acidosis, breathlessness or passing out. This has to be reported to the medical health professional. Seek medical help urgently.
Some of the reported adverse reactions are diabetic ketoacidosis or severe kidney disease.